Environmental News Roundup, Shark Week Edition!


With Shark Week now over on Discovery Channel, I’d like to draw your attention to the reality of sharks.

Broken Teeth And Fake-umentaries: Another Shark Week Gone By

If you’re a fan of Shark Week, you may want to reconsider WHY that is. NPR recently criticized the highly popular program, calling it a “B-movie-style blend of fiction, bad acting, a few facts and potential injuries to sharks”. An interviewed shark researcher lamented that while Shark Week used to feature real science and research about sharks and attempted to redeem their “man-eater” reputation, it is now quite the opposite, as researchers “under flimsy scientific premises” bait sharks in order to get “sweet footage of sharks biting stuff”.

Anyone who knows anything about sharks knows that they are typically harmless animals that don’t associate humans with food and very VERY rarely attack humans. In fact, shark attacks injure about 75 people per year with only 5 fatalities. To put this in perspective, you have a fantastically better chance of winning the lottery than you do of getting injured by a shark.

Unfortunately, Shark Week is now full of shows (both real and fictitious) in which baited sharks are made to attack (and break their teeth on) metal cameras and cages. Not only does this shark baiting often injure the shark needlessly, but it can cause the shark to associate the bait with humans and therefore make them more likely to attack humans in the future.

Australia: More than 170 sharks caught under controversial cull program

In related news from earlier this summer, the hype about shark attacks has caused the Australian government to actually cull sharks from its waters! “The scheme, which was part of the state’s $20 million shark mitigation policy, allowed for tiger, bull and great white sharks measuring longer than 10 feet (3 meters) hooked on the drum lines to be destroyed.”

Not only did this “successful” cull fail to catch any Great Whites (the shark most known for attacking humans), but “of the 172 sharks that were caught on the drum line, the majority were tiger sharks which haven’t been involved in shark fatalities for decades in Western Australia”. Plus, more than 70% of the sharks caught were not large enough to be a threat. Authorities claim that the cull restored confidence in beachgoers, but at what cost?

This could be the year we start to save, not slaughter, the shark

One of the worst threats to sharks is shark fin soup. “About 75m-100m sharks are thought to be killed each year for their fins, which are prized in Chinese culture for making the gelatinous yellow soup. The sharks are caught, their fins are sliced off and they are often thrown back into the ocean, where they die a slow death”. “The mass slaughter has led to some shark populations declining by up to 98% in the last 15 years, and nearly one third of all ocean-going sharks are now on the internationally recognised red list of threatened species.”

On the bright side, the revulsion and outcry of the West has caused China to crack down on corruption and extravagant consumption. Many restaurants in China have taken the soup off the menu. Popular basketball star Yao Ming started a campaign that is said to have helped reduce consumption of shark fin soup and contributed to the government’s decision to formally ban the soup from state banquets along with other wild animal products. Global efforts have contributed to the establishment of several shark sanctuaries around the world and increased China’s focus on the environment as a whole.

Sharks’ Role in the Oceans

Why is it important to save sharks? Why should we care that human activity is fast depleting shark populations beyond repair? For the most part, it’s to save our own skins. “Predatory sharks prey on the sick and the weak members of their prey populations, and some also scavenge the sea floor to feed on dead carcasses.  By removing the sick and the weak, they prevent the spread of disease and prevent outbreaks that could be devastating. Preying on the weakest individuals also strengthens the gene pools of the prey species.  Since the largest, strongest, and healthiest fish generally reproduce in greater numbers, the outcome is larger numbers of healthier fish.” What this means is, sharks keep fish populations strong and healthy so that we can continue to fish. When people continue to fish, people continue to eat and make a living.

What Can You Do?

Get involved in your community’s environmental groups. Anything you’re doing to live a sustainable lifestyle is better than nothing.

Choose sustainably harvested fish.

Talk about it. Instead of talking about the weather or Rihanna’s new hairdo, why not discuss what a non-threat sharks are to humans? The more people realize this, the less stigma there will be about sharks at your local beach.

Boycott Shark Week and tell people why. Discovery Channel generates billions of dollars in revenue by making sharks look like man-eating monsters, creating fear and misunderstanding about sharks.

Donate Time or Money to various marine conservation groups. Every little bit helps.

Environmental News Roundup July 1 Edition

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Don’t Get Sick at the Beach– National Resources Defense Council’s guide to beach health and wellness.

In a move that will allow USDA to expand and renovate some public spaces, The US Department of Agriculture will replace car parking on the National Mall with an outdoor working agriculture museum

We are one step closer to printing solar panels as easily as newspaper.  “In a nutshell, we can print solar panels just as we print newspapers, which is a large scale and cheap way to put a photovoltaic technology in the hands of everyone on the planet.”

Schools in New York are composting their food waste. Why aren’t we? New York City’s school composting program, kicked off just two years ago by parents on the Upper West Side, is now in 230 school buildings in Manhattan, Brooklyn and Staten Island, and is expected to more than double in size and reach all five boroughs in the fall, with an ultimate goal of encompassing all 1,300-plus school buildings.

8 Things You Hate About Summer Are Getting Worse, due to climate change. Allergies, poison ivy and heatwaves are just a few of them.  A report released in late June by a bipartisan committee of U.S. political and business leaders warned that climate change over the next century threatens extensive property damage from catastrophic flooding and sea-level rise, dangerous heat waves, and severe disruption of agriculture in the American corn belt and Southeast.

The ASPCA reminds us to keep special care of our companion animals during the summer holidays.   Cats and dogs often cannot handle the loud noises of fireworks, get panicked and run off. Make sure you do the following to keep your animals safe: Keep them inside, perhaps confined to one room (but not alone!) during fireworks; ensure that they have on their collars and identification tags up to date (more pets are lost on 4th of July than any other day of the year), keep them on their regular diet and stay well hydrated during the hot weather.



Environmental News Roundup! 6/26/2014

US bike boom strongest with people over 55 (not hipsters)

Having rode my bike to work today, I can affirm that biking is indeed, a good workout. This article states that health-conscious and money-conscious retirees are buying bikes at rates faster than young people. Biking is easier on joints than other popular exercise activities like running and hiking, and is a far cheaper mode of transportation for older folks with more time on their hands. It will be interesting to see how this trend plays out. Bike culture in the US is certainly on the rise, but is nowhere near that of Europe and Asia, even in the cities.

Watch this hilarious video of a man attempting to bike in New York City!

Seralini republished: Roundup-ready GMO maize causes serious health damage

“A scientific study that identified serious health impacts on rats fed on ‘Roundup ready’ GMO maize has been republished following its controversial retraction under strong commercial pressure. Now regulators must respond and review GMO and agro-chemical licenses, and licensing procedures.” The problem with independent studies like these, is that they get shut down by the industry. This republished study, reviewed rigorously by three separate peer reviewers, gives evidence of the serious and very real danger of certain GMO foods. While plenty of GMO foods are perfectly safe to eat, we as a society must not allow large agribusinesses to strong-arm these dangerous foods into our stores for the sake of profit.

Republican Senate Candidate Signs Koch Pledge, Abruptly Changes His Tune On Climate Change

“He’s theonly Republican running for Senate who mentions climate change on his website. He used to support a carbon tax, and actually talks about conservative climate change solutions. Then, Jim Rubens signed the Koch brothers’ pledge not to do anything about it. The pledge, from the Koch-backed organization Americans For Prosperity (AFP), requires signers to “oppose any legislation relating to climate change that includes a net increase in government revenue.” That rules out a carbon tax, apolicy that would make huge carbon cuts, create jobs, raise incomes, and improve the health of Americans. It’s also one of the few policies Congress could use to seriously fight climate change.” Does anyone else feel nauseous when they see the name “Koch”? That’s all I have to say about that.

U.S. to face multibillion-dollar bill from climate change: report

A bipartisan report released three weeks after Obama ordered U.S. regulators to take their strongest steps ever to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has this to say about the cost of climate change: “Annual property losses from hurricanes and other coastal storms of $35 billion; a decline in crop yields of 14 percent, costing corn and wheat farmers tens of billions of dollars; heat wave-driven demand for electricity costing utility customers up to $12 billion per year.” This is what we can expect to see in the next twenty five years. This isn’t a hundred years in the future, this is our own future. In fact, it’s already happening. No amount of sea-walls or priuses can fix the damage we have done. If we stopped all of our carbon emissions today, the earth would still feel the effects of our committed pollution and continue to warm for the next fifty years. So why fight for environmental protection? Because there is still a chance if we act NOW.

Glastonbury goes green: festival declares war on plastic water bottles

Much like Bonaroo this year, “next weekend’sGlastonbury festival in the UK is to combat the scourge of the plastic water bottle as part of a long-term strategy to become the world’s most environmentally friendly outdoor musical event. Stainless-steel reusable bottles will be given to 2,000 road crew and band members, with thousands more on sale to festival-goers to stop them relying on plastic bottles. The 140,000 ticket-holders are also being urged to bring reusable bottles that they can fill at 400 drinking water taps dotted across the site. Glastonbury revellers are also being urged to travel to the site on public transport or try car-sharing with friends.”

Environmental News Roundup! 6/19/14

Industry Finds Plastic Bag Ban Loophole

Ralph’s, an LA grocery chain, is now offering plastic bags for 15 cents, despite the plastic bag ban. The law states that a reusable bag is defined as “a bag with handles that has a minimum lifetime of 125 uses, can carry 22 pounds over a distance of at least 175 feet and is a minimum of at least 2.25 mils thick.” The plastic bags sold by Ralph’s meet the criteria, but are they going to be reused? Probably not. This is obviously not what the bag ban initiators had in mind, and they are encouraging those seeking out bag bans in other cities to raise the required thickness to 3 mils, or to redefine reusable bag in order to close this dangerous loophole.

Many BPA-Free Plastic Water Bottles Only BPA-Free Before Heat/Sun Exposure Study Finds

“Between 2010 and 2013, scientists from CertiChem, a private lab in Austin, tested 50 reusable BPA-free plastic containers. In most cases, they used a line of human breast cancer cells that multiplies in the presence of estrogen, as well as substances like BPA that mimic the female hormone. The researchers found that some products leached hormone-altering chemicals even before being exposed to conditions, such as heat from a dishwasher or microwave, that are known to unlock potentially toxic chemicals inside plastic. And most containers did so under some circumstances. After exposure to the type of ultraviolet rays that are found in sunlight (UVA) and used to sterilize baby bottles (UVC), more than three-quarters of the containers tested released synthetic estrogens.” A chart linked in the title shows the results for a sampling of products before and after UV exposure.

GMO Companies Dousing Hawaiian Island With Toxic Pesticides

“For the better part of two decades, BASF Plant Science, Dow AgroSciences, DuPont Pioneer, and Syngenta have been drenching their test crops near the small town of Waimea on the southwest coast of Kauai with some of the most dangerous synthetic pesticides in use in agriculture today, at an intensity that far surpasses the norm at most other American farms, an analysis of government pesticide databases shows.” This has caused community backlash despite aggressive pushback from the industry. Only time will tell if Kauai natives can triumph over big-agra, or if democracy is no longer enough to maintain the health, freedom, and safety of American citizens.

How Scare Tactics on GMO Foods Hurt Everybody

This article discusses how anti-GMO protesters have created a cloud of fear around the word despite little scientific evidence to prove that GMO plants cause harm to us. The author compares this fight, mainly on the Democratic side, to that of climate-change deniers on the Republican side. The author claims that simply labeling products as containing GMO’s is not informing the public properly. She instead insists that all foods and drugs should be labeled in more detail about how the crops were grown and what is actually in the food.

A Quarter of India’s Land Turning Into Desert

“India occupies just 2 per cent of the world’s territory but is home to 17 per cent of its population, leading to over-use of land and excessive grazing. Along with changing rainfall patterns, these are the main causes of desertification.” Similar desert growth issues are happening in China. Without major changes, the Chinese and Indian dust bowls will continue and worsen.

Environmental News Roundup–World Oceans Day Edition

“The sea, once it casts its spell, holds one in its net of wonder forever.” —Jacques Cousteau

This past week we celebrated World Oceans Day (June 8th) and here is a selection of articles related to ways we can save our oceans and its inhabitants, as well as ourselves.

We have the power to protect our oceans.

Officially recognized by the United Nations in late 2008, each year an increasing number of countries and organizations mark World Oceans Day on June 8th. Last year, approximately 600 events were held in 70 countries, and we aim to double the number of events in 2014 by encouraging aquariums, zoos, museums, youth groups, conservation organizations, universities, schools, state and federal agencies, sailors, surf clubs, civic organizations, bloggers, and businesses to participate in different ways. World Oceans Day also provides opportunities to build synergies with media and decision-makers, which helps bring more positive attention to the ocean every year.

The Most Polluted Oceans and Seas on Earth.

According to World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), more than 80% of marine pollution is caused by land-based activities that cause oil spills, fertilizers and toxic chemical runoff and the discharge of untreated sewage.

Administration Agrees to Stronger Language Regarding Salmon and Steelhead

A coalition of advocates for alternatives to pesticides, conservation organizations, and fishing groups have reached a significant agreement with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The agreement restores reasonable no-spray buffer zones to protect salmon and steelhead from five broad-spectrum insect killers – diazinon, chlorpyrifos, malathion, carbaryl, and methomyl.

UN Calls for Eco-Awareness For World Oceans Day

Unesco Director-General Irina Bokova said: “At a time of rising threats, ‘business as usual’ is no longer acceptable — we must change how we understand, manage and use ocean resources and coastal areas. For this, we need to know more about the ocean and draw on stronger science to craft sustainable, ecosystem-based policies for the ocean and coasts.”

Celebrate Graduation and Father’s Day with anything other than balloon releases!

Eastern Shore: No matter how tightly balloons are tethered, they often manage to get away and because of the way the wind blows, they end up in the water or on the beach.

Environmental News Roundup! 5/29/14

Obama is planning his biggest climate policy yet — and he doesn’t need Congress

On Monday, June 2, President Obama will announce his most sweeping policy yet to address global warming — a new rule to cut carbon-dioxide emissions from coal- and gas-fired power plants across the United States. Obama will be using the EPA to circumvent Congress in this matter- a relief for environmentalists who have not been able to sway Congress to go against their financial backers in the coal and oil industries. The EPA will propose a rule to cut carbon-dioxide emissions from the nation’s existing coal- and natural gas-fired power plants. The New York Times reports that the rule could require coal plants to cut their emissions as much as 20 percent. The EPA has a fair bit of leeway in designing this rule, and the precise details will matter a lot. A strict rule that cuts power-plant pollution sharply could help the Obama administration achieve its goal of cutting overall US greenhouse-gas emissions 17 percent below 2005 levels by 2020. Every country will be watching America, as this decision will set the stage for reform across the globe, especially in China.

Solar Panels Now Being Offered as a Prebuilt Feature in California

High upfront costs have been one of the great deterrents to more rapid adoption of energy-efficiency products, from hybrid cars to solar installations. Homeowners seeking to add solar, until recently, had to kick in up to $30,000 upfront, clear space on the roof, and hire contractors to build the system and connect it to the grid. But the climate is changing. California’s Million Roof solar initiative is providing incentives and encouragement. Companies like Solar City offer leases, which allow people essentially to put solar panels on their roofs without splashing out the cash to purchase the system. And now in a few areas solar systems are starting to come as a prebuilt feature—not an option.

Arctic ice melt to release 1 trillion pieces of plastic into sea

Researchers based at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire published last week in the scientific journal Earth’s Future, that they found the unusual concentrations of plastics by chance while studying sediments trapped in ice cores. Scientists said in the report that they found 38-234 plastic particles per cubic meter of ice in some parts of the Artic areas they studied. In the next decade the scientists predict that at least 2,000 trillion cubic meters of Arctic ice will melt. If that ice contains the lowest concentrations of microplastics reported in the study, this could result in the release of more than 1 trillion pieces of plastic, the report said.

Americans care deeply about ‘global warming’ – but not ‘climate change’

New research released on Tuesday found Americans care more deeply when the term “global warming” is used to describe the major environmental challenge. “Climate change”, in contrast, leaves them relatively cold. The two terms are often used interchangeably but they generate very different responses, the researchers from the Yale Project on Climate Change Communications and the George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communications said. “Those two terms get heard and interpreted in very different ways,” Anthony Leiserowitz, a research scientist at Yale and one of the lead authors, told The Guardian. “The choice of these two terms really does matter, depending on who you are talking to.”

Why Do These Tank Cars Carrying Oil Keep Blowing Up?

While the recent surge in domestic oil production has raised concerns about fracking, less attention has been paid to the billions of gallons of petroleum crisscrossing the country in “virtual pipelines” running through neighbor­hoods and alongside waterways. Most of this oil is being shipped in what’s been called “the Ford Pinto of rail cars”—a tank car whose safety flaws have been known for more than two decades.

Environmental News Roundup!

Method, A Producer Of Green Soaps, Creates Plastic Resin From Ocean Plastics

New packaging from Method uses recovered ocean plastic and post-consumer recycled plastic to make containers for hand soap you can buy at your local Wholefoods and Target. The combination of plastics results in a uniquely gray resin. It might not be beautiful, but imagine if all plastic makers were to start mining and using ocean plastic as their core resin. Right now, the plastic collection is done through volunteer cleanup efforts in Hawaii, but if Method can compete in the US market and get the attention of large plastic producers like Coke and Johnson & Johnson, plastic mining and ocean plastic collection could be the resin of the future, cleaning our oceans and saving millions of gallons of oil at the same time.

‘Third Plate’ Reimagines Farm-To-Table Eating To Nourish The Land

Author Dan Barber discusses the wastefulness of American food culture, suggesting that we rotate the most desirable and valuable foods, like tomatoes, with more humble offerings like buckwheat or barley or mustard greens — which are often overlooked when it comes to dining. Rotating crops and growing certain crops together in the same field for healthier growth has fallen out of practice. He also laments the American-born tradition of large meat portions, as meat takes a heaping amount of energy to produce and is bad for health when eaten in large quantities. In most countries, meat is used in small quantities as a flavoring rather than a main attraction. He adds that chefs are in a unique position to change food culture by pairing foods together that grow well together in a field (eg; beans and tomatoes), changing food culture for the better.

Have You Heard About Baltimore’s Solar Powered Trash Collecting Water Wheel?

“A study published on Sunday in Nature Climate Change gave us the news that climate change is bringing about a higher proportion of female sea turtles to males, thanks to a seemingly idiotic genetic quirk called temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD), also found in a few other species. Essentially TSD gives the turtles a baseline temperature of 84.2 degrees, at which there are 50/50 odds of being male or female. Beyond a certain threshold of heat, too few males will exist to sustain the population.”

Environmental News Roundup!

One use for 150,000 plastic bottles: Build your own personal island

Richart Sowa,a former carpenter, assembled a mass of recycled junk over almost seven years to make his own personal island near Cancun. Sowa gathered bags of more than 150,000 plastic bottles and fastened them to old wooden pallets before flipping them over in the water. He then put sand and dirt on top, which somehow manages to sustain trees and other plant life on the 82-foot island. I guess I have my retirement plan now.

Millions To March Against Monsanto On May 24

On May 24, millions of activists from around the world will once again March Against Monsanto, calling for the permanent boycott of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) and other harmful agro-chemicals. Currently, marches will occur on six continents, in 52 countries,with events in over 400 cities. In the US, solidarity marches are slated to occur in 47 states. A comprehensive list of marches can be accessed at www.march-against-monsanto.com.

Environmentalists Sue US Government To Get Bees Listed As Endangered Animals

“The fact is that of the 100 crop species that provide 90 per cent of the world’s food, over 70 are pollinated by bees.”- UN report. With the massive drop in bee populations, our food supply is in jeopardy. If Any living creature had to be protected, bees should be #1.

“Last year the Xerces Society petitioned the Interior Department to list the bee as endangered but received no response. So the society sued the Interior Department along with the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Right now, there aren’t any bees listed as endangered, though several bees native to Hawaii are under consideration, despite the fact that bee populations have suffered dramatic losses.”

Germany Sets New Record, Generating 74 Percent Of Power Needs From Renewable Energy

“On Sunday, Germany’s impressive streak of renewable energy milestones continued, with renewable energy generation surging to a record portion — nearly 75 percent — of the country’s overall electricity demand by midday. With wind and solar in particular filling such a huge portion of the country’s power demand, electricity prices actually dipped into the negative for much of the afternoon, according to Renewables International.”

10 Feet of Global Sea Level Rise Is Now Guaranteed

At least 10 feet of sea level rise is now guaranteed worldwide. An ice sheet two miles thick has collapsed in West Antarctica—glaciologists have been dreading this moment for decades, though in recent years, it was more of a question of when than if—and there is nothing that can stop it from melting now.

LOCAL Environmental News Roundup!

Hi guys! Erin here this week wishing our intern, Anthony, good luck on his exams. I’ll be doing the roundup this week, focusing on local news.

Bike To Work Day

On Friday May 16, 2014 Commuter Connections and the Washington Area Bicyclist Association invite you to join over 10,000 area commuters for a celebration of bicycling as a clean, fun, and healthy way to get to work. Attend one of 79 pit stops throughout D.C., Maryland, and Virginia to receive refreshments, and be entered into a raffle for  bicycles being given away. Free T-shirts available at pit stops to the first 14,000 who register and attend. You can even sign up on the website to join a commuter convoy led by an experienced bicyclist. Wear a helmet and stay safe!

Sixth Graders in Charlottesville, Virginia Step Up To Urge Dominion Virginia Power Toward Renewables, No More Nuclear

Students in Charlottesville were inspired to testify for more renewable power in Virginia after reading a book and seeing a TED talk about a young boy in southeast Africa who cobbled together materials and skills under adverse conditions to construct a wind turbine that could supply electricity to his village. They practiced testifying with one of their teachers and were prepared to speak at a recent public hearing, although none of the judges agreed to hear their testimony and a staffer tried to whittle down their numbers from ten, to two. The most common theme of their intended testimony: Dominion should not build a third reactor at its North Anna nuclear power plant as the utility is contemplating. Instead, it should deploy available funds to increase the amount of electricity generated from renewable sources, led by offshore wind, solar and biomass. It is true that sixth graders don’t typically have a good understanding of the more technical details of supplying power to millions of people, but it is important to observe those who would take a stand and get involved at such a young age.

American Wind Energy Association to highlight Virginia potential at June conference

Virginia currently has only a handful of small wind turbines statewide, putting us far behind neighboring states like Maryland and West Virginia. But AWEA’s Larry Flowers, who leads the team organizing the event, says his trade association sees great potential in the Commonwealth.


Washington, DC Green Festival celebrates its 10th year at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center May 31 – June 1, 2014!

At Green Festival®, there is something for everyone interested in living a more sustainable and healthier life. Experience the widest selection of products and services to work green, play green and live green – from food, fashion and health, to energy, construction and design. Enjoy vegan and vegetarian cooking demos, educational activities for kids and families, panels featuring inspirational speakers, and live music and entertainment. Shop in our unique marketplace of more than 300 eco-friendly businesses – everything from all-natural body care products and organic clothing to Fair Trade gifts, beautiful home renovations made from renewable resources, plus vegan and vegetarian offerings based on organic, non-GMO or local, artisanal foods.

Grant Funds Available for New Beekeepers in Virginia

With the advance of colony collapse disorder, other diseases and pest challenges like mites, life has been difficult for honey bees in America—and for the beekeepers trying to raise them. But assistance for establishing new hives in Virginia is available through the state’s Beehive Grant Fund. Any individual who purchases a new hive or purchases materials or supplies to construct a new hive can apply for a grant from the fund. Each grant will be in the amount of actual expenses incurred for the purchase of items to establish a new hive, up to $200 per hive, not to exceed $2,400 per individual per year.

Environmental News Roundup!

Human litter found in Europe’s deepest ocean depths

A seabed survey has revealed the depth of the marine litter problem by mapping waste in the Atlantic and Arctic oceans, and the Mediterranean Sea. Plastic bags, bottles, fishing nets, and other human litter have been found in the deepest parts of Europe’s oceans. Scientists used video and trawl surveys to take nearly 600 samples from 32 sites, from depths of 35 meters to 4.5 kilometers. Trash was found in every Mediterranean site surveyed, and all the way from the continental shelf of Europe to the mid-Atlantic ridge, around 2,000km from land.

Derailed US train bursts into flames in Lynchburg

A freight train carrying crude oil has derailed and burst into flames in Lynchburg, Virginia. Three or four tanker cars carrying crude oil were breached, and over a dozen tanker cars were involved in the collision. Oil has been spilling into the James River since the accident. About 300 people have been evacuated from nearby buildings close to the city center. The environmental effects of the crude oil leaking into the James River have yet to be known.

Chicago Approves Ban On Plastic Shopping Bags

Chicago has become the latest U.S. city to approve a ban on plastic grocery bags. The City Council overwhelmingly voted in favor of a partial plastic bag ban in Chicago. The new ordinance will first go into effect in August 2015, when retailers occupying stores that are more than 10,000 square foot will no longer be allowed to offer plastic bags. The ban will be extended to smaller chain stores and franchises in August 2016. Fines run between $300 and $500 each time the ordinance is violated. An estimated 3.7 million plastic bags are used in Chicago daily and between 3 and 5 percent of them become litter.

Texas jury awards $3M to family for illnesses related to fracking

A Texas jury has awarded nearly $3 million to a family for illnesses they suffered from exposure to contaminated groundwater, solid toxic waste, and airborne chemicals generated by natural gas fracking operations surrounding their 40-acre ranch. The verdict is seen as a landmark decision for opponents of hydraulic fracturing – a process in which high-pressure fluid is injected into the ground to fracture shale rock and release natural gas. Up to 600 chemicals are used in fracking fluid, and they include known human carcinogens. Only 30 to 50 percent of those fluids are recovered, with the rest of the nonbiodegradable chemicals left in the ground.

April Becomes 1st Month With CO2 Levels Above 400 PPM

Every day in April 2014 has been over 400 ppm of carbon dioxide concentration in the Earth’s atmosphere. Pre-industrial levels of carbon dioxide were around 280 ppm. The last time atmospheric carbon dioxide levels were this high consistently was anywhere from 800,000 to 15 million years ago. Carbon dioxide concentrations will most likely stay above 400 ppm through May and possibly June, dipping down below this level again in July. The 400 ppm mark will very likely be reached earlier next year, possibly in February.